Cohen G.L., Garcia J., Apfel N., Master A..
2006;313:1307-1310. doi: 10.1126/science.1128317.
Two randomized field experiments tested a social-psychological intervention designed to improve minority student performance and increase our understanding of how psychological threat mediates performance in chronically evaluative real-world environments. We expected that the risk of confirming a negative stereotype...
Hackett G., Betz N.E., Casas J.M., Rocha-Singh I.A..
This study examines the relationships of measures of occupational and academic self-efficacy; vocational interests; outcome expectations; academic ability; and perceived stress, support, and coping to the academic achievement of women and men enrolled in university-level engineering/science programs. Students from...
Felder R.M., Felder G.N., Dietz E.J..
TheMyers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI) was administered to a group of 116 students taking the introductory chemical engineering course at North Carolina State University. That course and four subsequent chemical engineering courses were taught in a manner that emphasized active...
The effects of the Chicago Child Parent Center and Expansion Program were investigated for 6 social competence outcomes up to 2 years postprogram. A total of 1,106 low-income Black children were differentially exposed to school-based, comprehensive-service components for up...
Stecker P.M., Fuchs L.S., Fuchs D..
2005;42:795-819. doi: 10.1002/pits.20113.
This review examines the efficacy of curriculum-based measurement (CBM) as an assessment methodology for enhancing student achievement. We describe experimental-contrast studies in reading and mathematics in which teachers used CBM to monitor student progress and to make instructional decisions....
Jeffers A.T., Safferman A.G., Safferman S.I..
2004;130:95-108. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1052-3928(2004)130:2(95).
The United States relies on technology. To continue the development of new and the expansion of existing technologies requires a strong background in science, math, and engineering. Because students are falling behind in these areas, many universities are attempting...
Hrabowski III F.A., Summers M.F..
2006;311:1870-1871. doi: 10.1126/science.1125257.
An undergraduate program involving mentorship, summer and other workshops, and targeting high-achieving high school students improves participation of underrepresented minorities in science.
Davidson R.C., Lewis E.L..
Context. - The use of race as a criterion for admission to medical schools and other professional schools has become increasingly controversial. This study documents the experience of students at one medical school, admitted through a special admissions process...
Hurtado S., Cabrera N.L., Lin M.H., Arellano L., Espinosa L.L..
2009;50:189-214. doi: 10.1007/s11162-008-9114-7.
Targeting four institutions with structured science research programs for undergraduates, this study focuses on how underrepresented students experience science. Several key themes emerged from focus group discussions: learning to become research scientists, experiences with the culture of science, and...
Moreno R., Flowerday T..
2006;31:186-207. doi: 10.1016/j.cedpsych.2005.05.002.
College students learned about science with a multimedia program. One group (choice or C) chose to learn with or without an animated pedagogical agent (APA) representing a male or female of five different ethnicities. Another group (no-choice or NC)...
De Clemencia Cosentino C., Deterding N..
This paper explores the causes behind the severe underrepresentation of women in engineering. Based on national data on undergraduate engineering programs, this study presents cross-sectional estimates of male and female student retention. Contrary to widespread beliefs, the study found...
Desoete A., Roeyers H., Buysse A..
This article presents an overview of two studies that examined the relationship between metacognition and mathematical problem solving in 165 children with average intelligence in Grade 3 in order to help teachers and therapists gain a better understanding of...