Endocrinology. 1985 Nov;117(5):2120-6. doi: 10.1210/endo-117-5-2120.
K N Pandey, M Ascoli, T Inagami
The hormonal regulation of renin activity in cloned and cultured Leydig tumor cells (designated MA-10) was examined. The treatment of Leydig cell cultures with bovine LH (bLH), hCG, or with (Bu)2cAMP elicited a dose- and time-dependent induction of renin activity and a concomitant increase in steroid biosynthesis. The optimum concentration of hCG was 25 ng/ml, which caused an average 25-fold increase in renin activity compared to the control value. bLH action was optimum at 75-100 ng/ml and induced an approximately 35-fold increase in renin activity. The maximum inducible level of renin activity was attained after 8-9 h of hormone treatments. The addition of progesterone (the major steroid product of the MA-10 cells) did not induce a significant increase in renin activity. Treatment of MA-10 cells with epidermal growth factor also failed to produce any increase in renin activity. The optimum concentration of (Bu)2cAMP was 800 microM for the induction of renin activity and caused an approximately 40-fold increase compared to the control value. Renin activity induced by bLH, hCG, or (Bu)2cAMP was completely inhibited by mouse anti-renin antibody, indicating the specific nature of renin. Upon withdrawal of (Bu)2cAMP from the culture medium, renin activity gradually declined to the control level, and with retreatment of these cultures with (Bu)2cAMP, a newly induced state of enzyme activity was resumed. Indirectly, the role of new protein and RNA synthesis was examined during hormonal regulation of renin induction using protein and RNA synthesis inhibitors such as cycloheximide, puromycin, actinomycin D, or rifampicin. Both protein and RNA synthesis inhibitors blocked the induction of renin activity in the presence of all three inducing agents, bLH, hCG, or (Bu)2cAMP. The results provide evidence that the induction of renin activity is modulated by bLH, hCG, or (Bu)2cAMP and represent the de novo synthesis of enzyme molecules.