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Biochemistry. 1985 May 21;24(11):2653-60. doi: 10.1021/bi00332a010.

Changes of the proteinase binding properties and conformation of bovine alpha 2-macroglobulin on cleavage of the thio ester bonds by methylamine.

I Björk, T Lindblom, P Lindahl

PMID: 2411285 DOI: 10.1021/bi00332a010

Abstract

Cleavage of the thio ester bonds of human alpha2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M) by methylamine leads to an extensive conformational change and to inactivation of the inhibitor. In contrast, cleavage of these bonds in bovine alpha 2M only minimally perturbs the hydrodynamic volume of the protein [Dangott, L. J., & Cunningham, L. W. (1982) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 107, 1243-1251], as well as its spectroscopic properties, as analyzed by ultraviolet difference spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and fluorescence in this work. A conformational change analogous to that undergone by human alpha 2M thus does not occur in the bovine inhibitor. However, changes of several functional properties of bovine alpha 2M are induced by the amine. The apparent stoichiometry of inhibition of trypsin thus is reduced from about 1.2 to about 0.7 mol of enzyme/mol of inhibitor. In spite of this decrease, the interaction with the proteinase induces similar conformational changes in methylamine-treated alpha 2M as in intact alpha 2M, as revealed by spectroscopic analyses, indicating that the mode of binding of the proteinase to the inhibitor is essentially unperturbed by thio ester bond cleavage. The reaction with methylamine also greatly increases the sensitivity of bovine alpha 2M to proteolysis by trypsin at sites other than the "bait" region. Moreover, the second-order rate constant for the reaction with thrombin is reduced by about 10-fold. These results indicate that the thio ester bonds of bovine alpha 2M, although not required per se for the binding of proteinases, nevertheless are responsible for maintaining certain structural features of the inhibitor that are of importance for full activity.

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