United European Gastroenterol J. 2014 Feb 01;2(1):38-46. doi: 10.1177/2050640613518774.
Novel Association of Rectal Evacuation Disorder and Rumination Syndrome: Diagnosis, Co-morbidities and Treatment.
United European gastroenterology journal
Priya Vijayvargiya, Johanna Iturrino, Michael Camilleri, Andrea Shin, Maria Vazquez-Roque, David A Katzka, Jill R Snuggerud, Richard J Seime
- Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (CENTER), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
PMCID: PMC3979495 DOI: 10.1177/2050640613518774
BACKGROUND: Patients with disorders of gastrointestinal function may undergo unnecessary treatment if misdiagnosed as motility disorders.
OBJECTIVE: To report on clinical features, medical, surgical and psychiatric co-morbidities, and prior treatments of a patient cohort diagnosed concurrently with non-psychogenic rumination syndrome and pelvic floor dysfunction (also termed rectal evacuation disorder).
METHODS: From a consecutive series (1994-2013) of 438 outpatients with rectal evacuation disorders in the practice of a single gastroenterologist at a tertiary care center, 57 adolescents or adults were diagnosed with concomitant rumination syndrome. All underwent formal psychological assessment or completed validated questionnaires.
RESULTS: All 57 patients (95% female) fulfilled Rome III criteria for rumination syndrome; rectal evacuation disorder was confirmed by testing of anal sphincter pressures and rectal balloon evacuation. Prior to diagnosis, most patients underwent multiple medical and surgical treatments (gastrostomy, gastric fundoplication, other gastric surgery, ileostomy, colectomy) for their symptoms. Psychological co-morbidity was identified in 93% of patients. Patients were managed predominantly with psychological and behavioral approaches: diaphragmatic breathing for rumination and biofeedback retraining for pelvic floor dysfunction.
CONCLUSIONS: Awareness of concomitant rectal evacuation disorder and rumination syndrome and prompt identification of psychological co-morbidity are keys to instituting behavioral and psychological methods to avoid unnecessary treatment.
Keywords: psychological co-morbidities; rectal evacuation disorder; rumination syndrome
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