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Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1991 Aug 24;135(34):1547-50.

[Consensus early treatment with zidovudine].

[Article in Dutch]
J J van Everdingen, J M Lange

Affiliations

  1. Centraal Begeleidingsorgaan voor de Intercollegiale Toetsing, Wetenschappelijke Raad, Utrecht.

PMID: 1922483

Abstract

The aim was to reach national consensus on the moment early treatment with the antiretroviral drug zidovudine should be started and on the dosing schedule to be used. On the initiative and under the auspices of the National AIDS Therapy Evaluation Centre a consensus meeting of Dutch AIDS treatment specialists was organised on March 6, 1991. A number of expert-speakers made recommendations on the basis of currently available information. These were amended in a plenary discussion. Subsequently the participants could comment upon a draft consensus document. Premises were that the starting point of treatment should be easily applicable and that the moment chosen should be neither too early nor too late in the course of HIV infection. The zidovudine dose had to be an effective one, and the dosing schedule user-friendly. The consensus was that zidovudine should be started in asymptomatic HIV-infected persons at a peripheral blood CD4+ cell count less than or equal to 0.3 x 10(9)/l. In the presence of additional laboratory indicators of a poor prognosis and in persons with early clinical symptoms of HIV infection, it was preferred to start treatment at a CD4+ cell count less than or equal to 0.4 x 10(9)/l. In view of the natural fluctuation in the number of CD4+ cells it was felt to be injudicious to act upon a single count. The recommended zidovudine dose is 200 mg 3 times daily. In case of serious toxicity the dose should be lowered to 100 mg 3 times daily, although for this dose no long-term efficacy data are available.

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